Tuesday, 9 January 2018

Treatments / Diagnosis For Hand, Foot And Mouth Disease

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Hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) is a fairly common viral illness in children. (HFMD is not the same as foot-and-mouth disease, also called hoof-and-mouth disease, which affects animals. Persons with HFMD are most contagious during the first week of the illness. They can sometimes remain contagious, though to a lesser degree, for a few weeks after symptoms go away. Your child should stay at home until her symptoms resolve. She may then return to school, but still needs to try and avoid close contact with her peers, including allowing others to eat or drink after her. She also needs to wash her hands frequently and avoid rubbing her eyes or mouth, as the virus can be transmitted through body fluids.
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The most common complication of hand-foot-and-mouth disease is dehydration. The illness can cause sores in the mouth and throat, making swallowing painful and difficult. Watch closely to make sure your child frequently sips fluid during the course of the illness. If dehydration is severe, intravenous (IV) fluids may be necessary.
Hand-foot-and-mouth disease is usually a minor illness causing only a few days of fever and relatively mild signs and symptoms. A rare and sometimes serious form of the coxsackievirus can involve the brain.

The infection can be spread by close person to person contact and contact with contaminated surfaces. The virus is found in:
◾The droplets in the coughs and sneezes of an infected person you can become infected if you get these on your hands and then touch your mouth, or if you breathe in the droplets of an infected person's poo.
◾ If an infected person doesn't wash their hands properly after going to the toilet, they can contaminate food or surfaces.
◾An infected person's saliva or fluid from their blisters you can become infected if this gets in your mouth. The infection is caused by a number of different viruses, so it's possible to get it more than once.

Diagnosis
Your doctor will likely be able to distinguish hand-foot-and-mouth disease from other types of viral infections by evaluating:
◾The age of the affected person
◾The pattern of signs and symptoms
◾The appearance of the rash or sores
◾Your doctor may take a throat swab or stool specimen and send it to the laboratory to determine which virus caused the illness.

Treatments
Hand, foot and mouth disease is typically diagnosed by an examination of the sores and rashes. Some physicians may order throat swabs and feces tests to determine the type of virus. There are no specific treatments recommended for HFMD. Doctors may recommend over-the-counter acetaminophen or ibuprofen for the pain and fever, as well as a topical oral anesthetic to relieve the pain in the mouth. Symptoms usually resolve in seven to 10 days.
You can also try other natural treatments for Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease which includes -

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  • Cool Foods and Soups : While chewing coarse or crunchy foods is too painful, providing healthy cold summer soups helps to ensure that the body is getting the nutrients it needs to aid in recovery from the virus. Avoid foods that are salty, spicy or acidic; some fruits may be too acidic and cause more irritation and pain.
  •  Epsom Salt Bath with Essential Oils : Long used to soothe skin and detoxify the body, a long soak in a bath with Epsom salts may speed healing and provide relief from the pain and discomfort. Try my favorite recipe, homemade healing bath salts , and soak as long as possible to reap the benefits. 
  •  Coconut Water Ice Cubes : Dehydration is a problem with HFMD as the sores and blisters in the mouth can make eating and drinking extremely painful. Frozen coconut water cubes can help to relieve the pain and discomfort, but more importantly, because of the high potassium levels and high electrolytes, it is the perfect way to stave off dehydration.
  •  Astragalus : This adaptogen herb has been shown to stimulate the immune system while inhibiting the Coxsackie and other viruses. ( 4 ) In fact, astragalus is available in tinctures, capsules, teas and topical applications at many health food stores and Chinese markets.
  • Ginger Root Tea : Ginger has been used for 1,000s of years to heal wounds and ulcers. For a refreshing cool drink, take a 1-inch piece of peeled and bruised ginger root, and simmer it with a quart of water for 20 minutes. Strain and cool to room temperature. Then, to add a touch of sweetness and healing properties, mix in just a teaspoon or two of raw honey .

Symptomatic relief includes salt water rinses and gargles. The gargles are prepared with 1/2 teaspoon of salt to 1 glass of warm water. This soothes the ulcers within the mouth.


It is helpful in children who are able to rinse without swallowing. Plenty of fluids are recommended. Fever usually may lead to dehydration and fluids are recommended particularly if there are high peaks of fever. The most soothing fluids are cool, milk products. Soft cool foods also help.



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Author: Richard Smith