Friday, 5 January 2018

Quick Treatments For Corneal Ulcer Plus Diagnosis

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At the front of the eye is a clear layer of tissue called the cornea . The cornea is like a window that lets light enter the eye. Tears defend the cornea against bacteria, viruses, and fungi. A corneal ulcer is an open sore that forms on the cornea. It’s usually caused by an infection. Even small injuries to the eye or erosion caused by wearing contact lenses too long can lead to infections.
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Seek medical advice if you suspect you have a corneal ulcer. An optometrist or ophthalmologist will diagnose the condition based on the symptoms and an examination with a slit lamp after putting fluorescein drops in the eye. A swab sample may be taken for laboratory testing to determine the cause of the ulcer. Hospital treatment may be needed if the problem is severe and a corneal transplant procedure may be needed in severe cases.

Once your eye doctor discovers the cause of the corneal ulcer, they can prescribe an antibacterial, antifungal, or antiviral eye medication to treat the underlying problem.

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Treatments For Corneal Ulcer

Surgery
A corneal transplant can replace your damaged cornea with a healthy donor cornea to restore vision. When the infection is gone and the ulcer is healed after treatment with medication, sometimes a significant scar remains. In this case, a transplant may be done to improve vision. And if corneal ulcers cannot be treated with medication, you may also need corneal transplant surgery to keep your vision.

Antibiotics And Eye Drops
Antibiotic, antifungal or antiviral eye drops are the treatments of choice. Sometimes your ophthalmologist will prescribe antifungal tablets. In other cases, they will treat you with an injection of medication near the eye.
Your ophthalmologist may prescribe steroid or anti-inflammatory eye drops after your infection has improved or is gone. This should reduce swelling and help prevent scarring. Steroid eye drop use is controversial for corneal ulcer. You should only use them under close supervision by your ophthalmologist. It is possible that steroid eye drops may worsen an infection.

Always wash your hands before handling the lenses. Never use saliva to lubricate your lenses because your mouth contains bacteria that can harm your cornea. Seek medical attention from your ophthalmologist immediately for any eye symptoms. Even seemingly minor injuries to your cornea can lead to an ulcer and have devastating consequences.


Corneal ulcers cannot always be prevented, but taking good care of the eyes, looking after contact lenses and cleaning and using them correctly and avoiding eye injuries can help reduce the chances of getting a corneal ulcer.



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Author: Richard Smith