Monday, 1 January 2018

Know About Polycystic Kidney Disease , Symptoms And Risks

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Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is a genetic disorder that causes many fluid-filled cysts to grow in your kidneys. Unlike the usually harmless simple kidney cysts that can form in the kidneys later in life, PKD cysts can change the shape of your kidneys, including making them much larger.
PKD is a form of chronic kidney disease (CKD) that reduces kidney function and may lead to kidney failure. PKD also can cause other complications, or problems, such as high blood pressure , cysts in the liver, and problems with blood vessels in your brain and heart. Polycystic kidney disease is a disorder that affects the kidneys and other organs. Clusters of fluid-filled sacs, called cysts, develop in the kidneys and interfere with their ability to filter wasteproducts from the blood.

The growth of cysts causes the kidneys to become enlarged and can lead to kidney failure. Cysts may also develop in other organs, particularly the liver. Polycystic kidney disease also can cause cysts to develop in your liver and elsewhere in your body. The disease can cause serious complications, including high blood pressure and kidney failure.


Symptoms Of Polycystic Kidney Disease
Many people live with PKD for years without experiencing symptoms associated with the disease. Cysts typically grow 0.5 inches or larger before a person starts noticing symptoms. Initial symptoms associated with PKD can include:

  • High blood pressure
  • Back or side pain
  • Headache
  • A feeling of fullness in your abdomen
  • Increased size of your abdomen due to enlarged kidneys
  • Blood in your urine
  • Kidney stones
  • Kidney failure
  • Urinary tract or kidney infections
  • Pain or tenderness in the abdomen
  • Blood in the urine
  • Frequent urination
  • Pain in the sides
  • Pain or heaviness in the back
  • Skin that bruises easily
  • Pale skin color
  • Fatigue
  • Joint pain
  • Nail abnormalities

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Frequent complications of polycystic kidney disease include dangerously high blood pressure (hypertension), pain in the back or sides, blood in the urine (hematuria), recurrent urinary tract infections, kidney stones, and heart valve abnormalities. Additionally, people with polycystic kidney disease have an increased risk of an abnormal bulging (an aneurysm ) in a large blood vessel called the aorta or in blood vessels at the base of the brain.


Aneurysms can be life-threatening if they tear or rupture.


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Author: Richard Smith