Tuesday, 9 January 2018

Hand, Foot And Mouth Disease : Symptoms, Early Warnings And Risks



Hand, foot, and mouth disease is a common viral illness that usually affects infants and children younger than 5 years old. However, it can sometimes occur in older children and adults. Typical symptoms of hand, foot, and mouth disease include fever, mouth sores, and a skin rash. Large outbreaks of hand, foot, and mouth disease are not common in the United States. However, in some countries in Asia, outbreaks are large and occur often. Thousands of people may get infected. Some people, particularly young children, may have severe disease requiring hospitalization or even causing death. Travelers to these countries can protect themselves by practicing personal hygiene tips.
7 Steps To Stop Overeating Immediately, Try This Steps
HFMD can be caused by a number of viruses, most commonly the coxsackie virus. This illness occurs most often in children younger than 5, although anyone can get it – even adults. Adults have developed antibodies and are immune to most of the viruses, but they can still get sick if infected by a different virus. HFMD outbreaks tend to happen in the spring, summer, and fall. Children usually recover without treatment in a week to 10 days, but in very rare cases HFMD can lead to viral meningitis or encephalitis (inflammation of the brain).

Spotty rash and blisters 
Soon after the mouth ulcers appear, you'll probably notice a rash made up of small, raised red spots on the skin.
These typically develop on the fingers, the backs or palms of the hand, the soles of the feet, and occasionally on the buttocks and groin.

Mouth ulcers
After one or two days, red spots appear on the tongue and inside the mouth.
These quickly develop into larger yellow-grey mouth ulcers with red edges. The ulcers can be painful and make eating, drinking and swallowing difficult. They should pass within a week.

Other symptoms may include:


  • High temperature (fever), usually around 38-39C (100.4-102.2F)
  • A general sense of feeling unwell
  • Loss of appetite
  • Coughing
  • Abdominal (tummy) pain
  • Sore throat
  • Feeling of being unwell (malaise)

Hand, foot, and mouth disease is often confused with foot-and-mouth disease (also called hoof-and-mouth disease), which affects cattle, sheep, and swine. However, the two diseases are caused by different viruses and are not related. Humans do not get the animal disease, and animals do not get the human disease. Generally, a person with hand, foot, and mouth disease is most contagious during the first week of illness. People can sometimes be contagious for days or weeks after symptoms go away. Some people, especially adults, may not develop any symptoms, but they can still spread the virus to others.

This is why people should always try to maintain good hygiene (e.g. handwashing) so they can minimize their chance of spreading or getting infections. You should stay home while you are sick with hand, foot, and mouth disease. Talk with your healthcare provider if you are not sure when you should return to work or school.


Author: Richard Smith