Friday, 5 January 2018

Effective Treatments / Remedies For Sinusitis (Sinus Infection)

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Sinusitis is an inflammation or swelling of the tissue lining the sinuses. Healthy sinuses are filled with air. But when they become blocked and filled with fluid, germs can grow and cause an infection. Most people with sinusitis don't need to see their GP. The condition is normally caused by a viral infection that clears up on its own.
If your symptoms are mild and have lasted less than a week or so, you can usually take care of yourself without seeing your GP.

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11 Ways To Survive Cold and Flu Season Without Worries
The following tips may help you feel better until you recover:

  • Take over-the-counter painkillers such as paracetamol and ibuprofen to relieve a high temperature and pain, check the leaflet that comes with your medication first to check it's suitable, and never give aspirin to children under 16 years of age.
  • Use over the counter decongestant nasal sprays or drops to help unblock your nose and allow you to breathe more easily these shouldn't be used for more than a week at a time.
  • Apply warm packs to your face to soothe your pain and help mucus drain from your sinuses.
  • Regularly clean the inside of your nose with a salt water solution to help unblock your nose and reduce nasal discharge.

Diagnosis
A doctor will carry out a physical examination and ask the patient about their symptoms. This is usually enough to make a diagnosis.
The doctor may visually examine the nasal cavity with a light source, or a small, handheld device with a light attached called an otoscope, which can also be used to examine the ears.
If symptoms persist, a doctor may refer a person with sinusitis to an ear, nose, and throat specialist (ENT) for a more in-depth examination. They may insert an endoscope into the nose, a small, thin, flexible tube with a light and camera attached. This can provide more detailed images.

Treatments And Remedies 
Many sinus infections can be treated by your primary care physician or an Internal Medicine doctor. However, it is not unusual to consult an ENT (Eye, Ears, Nose and Throat) specialist, Infectious disease specialist, Allergist or Immunologist. For sinusitis caused by virus infection, no antibiotic treatment is required. Frequently recommended treatments include pain and fever medications.

1. Surgery
If your symptoms don't improve despite trying the treatments mentioned above, a type of surgery called functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) may be recommended. This is a procedure to improve the drainage of mucus from your sinuses.
FESS is usually carried out under general anaesthetic . During the procedure, the surgeon will insert an endoscope into your nose. This is a thin tube with a lens at one end that magnifies the inside of your nose. It will allow the surgeon to see the opening of your sinuses and insert small surgical instruments.

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2. Antibiotics
If your GP thinks your sinuses may be infected with bacteria, they will prescribe a course of antibiotic tablets or capsules to treat the infection.
You'll usually need to take these for a week, although sometimes a longer course may be prescribed. Possible side effects of antibiotics include feeling and being sick, diarrhoea and abdominal (tummy) pain.

3. Nasal irrigation
Also known as sinus irrigation, sinus rinse, or sinus lavage, this home procedure involves rinsing and clearing the nasal passages with salt water or a saline solution.

4. Warm compress
Applying a warm compress gently to the affected areas of the face can relieve some swelling and discomfort.

5. Painkillers
These can reduce symptoms of pain and fever.

6. Steam inhalation
Breathing hot, moist air can provide relief from congestion. At home, steam from a bowl of hot water, possibly with some drops of essential menthol or eucalyptus oil, can help unblock the sinuses. Essential oils should not be applied directly or swallowed.

7. Decongestant tablets and sprays
These may reduce swelling and allow the sinuses to drain. Patients should not use sprays for more than 3 days.


8. Hydration and rest
Drinking fluids regularly and avoiding overexertion can help the symptoms to pass.



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Author: Richard Smith