Friday, 5 January 2018

All About Sinusitis : Types, Symptoms And Warnings

Sinusitis is a common inflammation of the paranasal sinuses, the cavities that produce the mucus necessary for the nasal passages to work effectively.
It can be acute or chronic, and it can be caused by viruses, bacteria, fungi, allergies, or even an autoimmune reaction.

Although uncomfortable and painful, sinusitis often goes away without medical intervention. However, if symptoms last more than 7 to 10 days, or if there is a fever or a bad headache , you should see your doctor.


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The sinuses are small, air-filled cavities behind your cheekbones and forehead.
The mucus produced by your sinuses usually drains into your nose through small channels. In sinusitis, these channels become blocked because the sinus linings are inflamed (swollen).

Symptoms Of Sinus Infection or Sinusitis
. Green or yellow discharge from your nose
. Ablocked nose
. Pain and tenderness around your cheeks, eyes or forehead
. Ahigh temperature (fever) of 38C (100.4F) or more
. A reduced sense of smell
bad breath (halitosis)
. Headache due to pressure in partially or completely blocked sinuses. The pain may increase when the person bends down.
. Facial tenderness and/or swelling when facial areas over sinus areas are touched.
. Pressure or pain due to mucus pressing on sinus tissue or inflammation of sinuses.
. A cloudy, discolored nasal drainage is often seen in bacterial sinus infections.
. Congestion is a feeling of nasal stuffiness, and occurs with both infectious and non-infectious sinusitis.
. Post nasal drip is mucus overproduction from sinusitis that flows to the throat and irritates throat tissue.
. Sore throat  is inflammation of throat tissue by post nasal drip.
. Cough is a response to post nasal drip and body's attempt to clear out throat tissue irritants.

There are several types of sinusitis, including :

  • Acute, which lasts up to 4 weeks. Acute sinus infection (also termed acute sinusitis caused by infection or acute bacterial rhinosinusitis) is usually defined as being of less than 30 day duration.
  • Subacute, which lasts 4 to 12 weeks
  • Chronic, which lasts more than 12 weeks and can continue for months or even years. Recurrent, with several attacks within a year.

Acute Sinusitis Symptoms
◾Facial pain or pressure
◾"Stuffed-up" nose
◾Runny nose
◾Loss of smell
◾Cough or congestion

Chronic Sinusitis Symptoms
◾A feeling of congestion or fullness in your face
◾A nasal obstruction or nasal blockage
◾Pus in the nasal cavity
◾Runny nose or discolored postnasal drainage.


Risk factors
The following may increase a person's risk of developing sinusitis -

  • Previous respiratory tract infections, such as the common cold
  • Nasal polyps , or small growths in the nasal passage that can lead to inflammation
  • Weakened immunity, due, for example, to a health condition or some kinds of treatment
  • An allergic reaction to substances such as dust, pollen, and animal hair
  • Structural problems in the nose, for example, a deviated septum
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Your symptoms will usually pass within two or three weeks (acute sinusitis) and you can look after yourself at home.
If the condition is severe, gets worse, or doesn't improve (chronic sinusitis), you may need additional treatment from your GP or a hospital specialist. This can be difficult to treat and it may be several months before you're feeling better.


Author: Richard Smith