Monday, 1 January 2018

7 Treatments For Polycystic Kidney Disease And Diagnosis


Polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is a condition that causes many cysts to grow in your kidneys. ADPKD is most often caused by damaged genes, which are inherited from a parent. The cysts may become large and damage your kidneys. When damage occurs, your kidneys may not work properly, or may stop working completely.

How To Diagnose
Tell your healthcare provider if you have family members with ADPKD. Your healthcare provider may ask what symptoms you feel, when they appeared, and how bad they are. He may use any of the following to diagnose PKD:

  •  CT scan : As you lie on a movable table, you're guided into a big, doughnut-shaped device that projects thin X-ray beams through your body. Your doctor is able to see cross-sectional images of your kidneys. 
  • Abdominal ultrasound: a non-invasive test that uses sound waves to look at your kidneys for cysts 
  • MRI scan. As you lie inside a large cylinder, magnetic fields and radio waves generate cross-sectional views of your kidneys.
  •  Intravenous pyelogram: uses a dye to make your blood vessels show up more clearly on an X-ray

Treatments For Polycystic Kidney Disease

Currently there is no cure for PKD. Treatment may help decrease symptoms and slow the progress of your PKD. Recent studies suggest that drinking plain water throughout the day and avoiding caffeine in beverages can slow the growth of cysts. Research is also helping us understand the genetic basis of PKD.You may need one or more of the following:


  1. Pain medicines may be recommended by your healthcare provider. This may include over-the-counter or prescription pain medicine. Ask your healthcare provider what pain medicine is best for you. Some pain medicines may be harmful to your kidneys. 
  2. Surgery : Nephrectomy is surgery to remove a kidney. A nephrectomy may be done if your enlarged kidney is causing pain. It may also be done if you will be getting a kidney transplant.
  3. Dialysis : Dialysis is a procedure done to remove extra water, wastes, and harmful chemicals from your blood. You may need dialysis when your kidneys do not work properly, or stop working completely.
  4.  Aspiration : Aspiration is a procedure that is done to shrink your cysts. A long, thin needle is carefully pushed through your skin to reach your kidneys. Your healthcare provider will use a syringe to drain fluid from your cysts. Aspiration may decrease any pain you are feeling in your back and sides.
  5. Kidney Transplant : Kidney transplantation is surgery to replace your damaged kidney with a healthy kidney. The healthy kidney will come from a donor. 
  6. A special diet may be recommended by your healthcare provider to help slow the progress of your disease. You may need to limit protein and sodium (salt). Ask your healthcare provider about these and any other diet changes you need to make. 
  7. Blood pressure medicines are used to keep your blood pressure normal. This may help decrease or prevent more damage to your kidneys.

Cigarette smoking can raise your blood pressure, making your kidney damage worse. Quitting smoking may help you meet your blood pressure goals, which is good for your kidneys and can lower your chances of having a heart attack or stroke. Quitting smoking is even more important for people with PKD who have aneurysms.

An aneurysm is a bulge in the wall of a blood vessel. Also long-term stress can raise your blood pressure and even lead to depression. Some of the steps you take to manage your PKD are also healthy ways to cope with stress. For example, getting enough physical activity and sleep helps reduce stress.


Author: Richard Smith