Thursday, 18 January 2018

Alarming Causes Of Dry Eye Syndrome And Treatments

Alarming Causes Of Dry Eye Syndrome And Treatments



Dry eye syndrome (DES) also called dry eye, dry eye disease, or keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS) is a common condition of the tear film that affects a significant percentage of the population, especially those older than 40 years of age. Dry eye syndrome can affect any race and is more common in women than in men. Another term used for dry eye is ocular surface disease. See your doctor right away if you have dry eyes and a sudden increase in discomfort or a sudden decrease in your ability to see.

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Reading extensively, working on the computer, or spending long hours in a dry environment may further aggravate your eyes if you have this condition. If you have dry eye syndrome, your eyes may also be prone to bacterial infections or the surface of your eyes may become inflamed, causing scarring on your cornea. Although it’s uncomfortable, dry eye syndrome almost never causes permanent vision loss.

Causes Of Dry Eye Syndrome

An adequate and consistent layer of tears on the surface of the eye is essential to keep your eyes healthy, comfortable and seeing well. Tears bathe the eye's surface to keep it moist and wash away dust, debris and microorganisms that could damage the cornea and lead to an eye infection.
Factors that can contribute to dry eye includes :

  • Medications including antihistamines, decongestants, antidepressants, birth control pills, hormone replacement therapy to relieve symptoms of menopause, and medications for anxiety, Parkinson’s disease, and high blood pressure have been associated with dry eye.
  •  Autoimmune disorders such as Sjögren’s syndrome, lupus, scleroderma, and rheumatoid arthritis and other disorders such as diabetes, thyroid disorders, and Vitamin A deficiency are associated with dry eye. 
  • Advancing age is a risk factor for declines in tear production. Dry eye is more common in people age 50 years or older.
  •  Windy, smoky, or dry environments increase tear evaporation. 
  • Women are more likely to develop dry eye. Hormonal changes during pregnancy and after menopause have been linked with dry eye. Women also have an increased risk for autoimmune disorders.

Diseases associated with dry eyes include vitamin A deficiency, autoimmune/connective tissue disease, hepatitis C infection, HIV infection, Sjögren's syndrome, sarcoidosis, diabetes mellitus , and androgen  or estrogen deficiency.



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Wearing contact lenses increases the risk of dry eye syndrome. Refractive surgery, especially LASIK , frequently causes dry eyes.

Diagnosis
Schirmer’s test may also be used to measure how quickly your eyes produce tears. This tests your rate of tear production using a paper wick placed on the edge of your eyelid. Different dyes may be used during a patient's eye examination. These are placed into the tears in the form of a drop. Fluorescein is a yellow dye that stains the cornea where epithelial (surface) cells have been worn away because of the lack of an adequate protective tear film. Rose Bengal is a red dye that stains the cornea and the conjunctiva where the cells are dead or dying as well as where healthy cells are inadequately protected by the tear film. Lissamine Green is a green dye which can help differentiate between normal and abnormal surface cells of the cornea and conjunctiva.

Treatments For Dry Eye Syndrome

  • Testosterone cream : It doesn’t happen often, but dry eye can be related to a lack of testosterone in the oil glands on your eyelids. The doctor might give you a testosterone cream that you apply to your eyelids. It can help your oil glands work better.
  •  Over-the-counter (OTC) topical medications : Mild dry eye symptoms may be treated with over-the-counter medications such as artificial tears, gels, and ointments.
  • Lacrimal Plugs : Your eye doctor might use plugs to block the drainage holes in the corners of your eyes. This is a relatively painless, reversible procedure that slows tear loss. If your condition is severe, the plugs may be recommended as a permanent solution. 
  • Surgery : Punctal plugs made of silicone or collagen may be inserted by an eye care professional to partially or completely plug the tear ducts at the inner corners of the eye to keep tears from draining from the eye. In severe cases, surgical closure of the drainage ducts by thermal punctal cautery may be recommended to close the tear ducts permanently.
  • Good nutrition : You need a well-balanced diet with enough protein and vitamins to keep your eyes healthy. Omega-3 essential fatty acid supplements are sometimes recommended to enhance the oil content of the eye. Usually, people need to take these supplements regularly for at least three months to see an improvement. 
  • Environmental and lifestyle changes. Cutting back on screen time and taking periodic eye breaks may help. Closing the eyes for a few minutes, or blinking repeatedly for a few seconds, may replenish basal tears and spread them more evenly across the eye. Sunglasses that wrap around the face and have side shields that block wind and dry air can reduce symptoms in windy or dry conditions. In cases of Meibomian gland dysfunction, warm lid compresses and scrubs may be helpful. Smoking cessation and limiting exposure to secondhand smoke also may help.
  •  Antibiotics : Antibiotic ophthalmic ointments, such as erythromycin and bacitracin, among others, are used at night for about 7-10 days to decrease the number of bacteria that break down the lipid layer of the tear film. These ointments also lubricate the eyes overnight. Oral antibiotics, particularly tetracycline and doxycycline , not only help to decrease the number of bacteria, but also help to make the oil more fluid so it flows out of the oil glands more easily.

If the eyes are dry mainly while reading or watching TV, taking frequent breaks to allow the eyes to rest and become moist and comfortable again is helpful. Closing the eyes for 10 seconds every five to 10 minutes will increase comfort, as will blinking more frequently.



7 Causes,Treatment And Warnings Of Eye Pain - Stop Eye Pain

7 Causes,Treatment And Warnings Of Eye Pain - Stop Eye Pain

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Eye pain is often described as burning, sharp, shooting, dull, gritty, a feeling of "something in my eye," aching, pressure, throbbing, or stabbing. Sometimes pain originating from the eye is confused with other symptoms, such as a headache , sinus pain, toothache , or a migraine . Eye pain is a common reason for people to seek medical care from their doctor (or an ophthalmologist, a medical doctor specializing in the diagnosis and treatment of eye diseases).

Symptoms Of Eye Pain
With eye pain, there may be other symptoms too, which may help diagnose the cause of the discomfort. These include:

  • Conjunctivitis - red itchy eyes
  • Tears
  • Light sensitivity (photophobia)
  • Discharge, which can be clear, or thick and coloured (pus)
  • The eye being crusted shut after sleep due to discharge
  • Foreign body sensation - the feeling that something is in the eye, whether or not anything actually is
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Decreased vision
  • Headache

Causes Of Eye Pain


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  • Corneal abrasions and corneal ulcerations are also common conditions that cause eye pain. The cornea is the transparent surface of the eye. Abrasions occur from scratches to the surface of the cornea, such as from trauma , a foreign body in the eye or overuse of contact lenses . Ulcerations occur from infections or abrasions. Foreign bodies, usually located on the cornea or in the conjunctiva, are objects or materials that give the sensation that something is in eye. Foreign bodies produce eye pain similar to that of corneal abrasions.
  • Chemical burns and flash burns are significant causes of eye pain. Chemical burns come from eye exposure to acid or alkaline substances, such as household cleaners or bleach. Flash burns occur from intense light sources, such as arc welding or the ultraviolet rays of tanning booths, when improper eye protection is worn. Even an intense sunny day can cause a corneal flash burn
  • Sinusitis, which is a bacterial or viral infection of the sinuses, can cause a sensation of orbital or eye socket pain. Pain coming from the sinus cavities can be interpreted as eye pain.
  • Acute angle closure glaucoma can cause orbital pain, although most cases of glaucoma are of the open-angle variety and are painless. Glaucoma is caused by an increase in intraocular pressure , or internal eye pressure, which can ultimately lead to defects in vision and even blindness if left untreated. Intraocular pressure can increase because of a blockage of outflow or increased production of aqueous humor (the fluid that bathes the inner eye). This is typically seen in older adults. 
  • Traumatic events, such as a penetrating injury to the eye, a blow to the eye with a foreign object, and motor-vehicle collisions, are causes of significant eye pain and injury. Scratches to the cornea typically associated with traumatic events are very painful. These are common eye problems that lead people to seek medical attention.
  • Migraines are a very common cause of orbital eye pain associated with headaches .
  • Tooth pain resulting from problems with the upper teeth may present as pain in the orbit or below the eye.
  • Conjunctivitis is one of the most common eye problems, Conjunctivitis can be an allergic, bacterial, chemical, or viral inflammation of the conjunctiva (the delicate membrane lining the eyelid and covering the eyeball). Pinkeye is a nonmedical term usually referring to a viral conjunctivitis, because the conjunctiva gets inflamed and turns a pinkish color. Pain is usually mild with conjunctivitis, or there is no pain at all. Itching, redness, and drainage are typical symptoms and signs associated with conjunctivitis.

Any Treatments?

It’s really important to see your eye specialist or doctor if you encounter eye pain, especially if the pain does not subside. While it’s unlikely your sore eyes will be a symptom of a very serious condition, it’s still a possibility, and you should get an expert diagnosis. Treatments obviously depend on the cause, and can be as simple as using eye drops or compresses for dry eyes and allergies, to medication and surgery for more serious eye conditions.

If you experience sudden eye pain combined with blurred vision, haloes around lights, nausea or vomiting, it could be symptom of acute closed-angle glaucoma. This is a medical emergency, and you should seek medical attention straight away.



Wednesday, 17 January 2018

About Huntington's Disease, Its Causes, Effects And Effective Treatments

About Huntington's Disease, Its Causes, Effects And Effective Treatments

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Huntington's disease is an inherited disease that causes the progressive breakdown (degeneration) of nerve cells in the brain. Huntington's disease has a broad impact on a person's functional abilities and usually results in movement, thinking (cognitive) and psychiatric disorders. Huntington disease is a progressive brain disorder that causes uncontrolled movements, emotional problems, and loss of thinking ability (cognition). Adult-onset Huntington disease, the most common form of this disorder, usually appears in a person's thirties or forties. Early signs and symptoms can include irritability, depression, small involuntary movements, poor coordination, and trouble learning new information or making decisions.
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Many people with Huntington disease develop involuntary jerking or twitching movements known as chorea. As the disease progresses, these movements become more pronounced. Affected individuals may have trouble walking, speaking, and swallowing.

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Symptoms Of Huntington Disease

According to the Huntington's Disease Society of America (HDSA), the symptoms of HD can feel like having amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), Parkinson's and Alzheimer's all in one, the symptoms include:

  • Personality changes, mood swings, and depression 
  • Problems with memory and judgment
  • Unsteady walk and uncontrollable movements
  • Difficulty speaking and swallowing, and weight loss.
  • Small changes in coordination and clumsiness
  • Stumbling 
  • Slight signs of mood and emotional change
  • Lack of focus, slight concentration problems, and difficulty functioning, for example, at work
  • Lapses in short-term memory
  • Depression 
  • Irritability

Causes Of Huntington's Disease
Huntington's disease is caused by an inherited defect in a single gene. Huntington's disease is an autosomal dominant disorder, which means that a person needs only one copy of the defective gene to develop the disorder.
With the exception of genes on the sex chromosomes, a person inherits two copies of every gene one copy from each parent. A parent with a defective gene could pass along the defective copy of the gene or the healthy copy. Each child in the family, therefore, has a 50 percent chance of inheriting the gene that causes the genetic disorder.
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Treatment For Huntington Disease
Huntington disease is currently incurable. There is no treatment that can reverse its progression or slow it down.

  1. Diagnosis : The doctor will examine the patient and ask about family and medical history, and symptoms, such as recent emotional changes. If they suspect Huntington disease, they will refer the patient to a neurologist.
  2. Speech therapy : Speech therapy can help patients find ways to express words and phrases and communicate in a more effective way.
  3. Physical and occupational therapy : A physical therapist can help improve muscle strength and flexibility, leading to better balance and a reduced the risk of falling.
  4. An occupational therapist can help the patient develop strategies for coping with concentration and memory problems, as well as making the home safer.
  5. Medications : Tetrabenazine (Xenazine) is approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to treat the jerky, involuntary movements, or chorea, associated with HD.

Regardless, some regions of the world offer medical cannabis to those diagnosed with Huntington’s disease. This enables people with the conditions to take matters into their own hands and administer cannabis if they are experiencing results from the herb.
Although cannabis remains an illegal substance at the federal level in the United States, numerous states have made the herb legal and available to medical patients.




Know Celiac Disease Causes, Foods To Avoid, Symptoms And Dangers

Know Celiac Disease Causes, Foods To Avoid, Symptoms And Dangers


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Celiac disease is an immune disease in which people can't eat gluten because it will damage their small intestine. If you have celiac disease and eat foods with gluten, your immune system responds by damaging the small intestine. Gluten is a protein found in wheat, rye, and barley. It may also be in other products like vitamins and supplements, hair and skin products, toothpastes, and lip balm. There are more than 300 symptoms of celiac disease, and symptoms can be different from person to person. Your doctor may diagnose celiac disease with a medical and family history, a physical exam, blood tests, an intestinal biopsy, a skin biopsy, and genetic tests.

If you have symptoms of celiac disease, especially ones that last a long time, you should ask your doctor for a celiac disease blood test. Celiac disease affects each person differently. Symptoms may occur in the digestive system, or in other parts of the body. One person might have diarrhea and abdominal pain, while another person may be irritable or depressed. Irritability is one of the most common symptoms in children. Some people have no symptoms.


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Causes Of Celiac Disease
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When the body's immune system overreacts to gluten in food, the reaction damages the tiny, hair-like projections (villi) that line the small intestine. Villi absorb vitamins, minerals and other nutrients from the food you eat. If your villi are damaged, you can't get enough nutrients, no matter how much you eat. Celiac disease occurs from an interaction between genes, eating foods with gluten and other environmental factors, but the precise cause isn't known.

Infant feeding practices, gastrointestinal infections and gut bacteria might contribute to developing celiac disease.Sometimes celiac disease is triggered or becomes active for the first time after surgery, pregnancy, childbirth, viral infection or severe emotional stress.

Foods To Avoid
Avoid unless the label says gluten-free:
. beer . bread . cakes and pies
. candy . cereals . cookies
crackers . croutons . gravies
. imitation meats or seafood
. oats . pasta . processed lunch meats, sausages, and hot dogs
. salad dressings
sauces (includes soy sauce)
. self-basting poultry . soups

Dangers Of Celiac Disease

1. Lactose intolerance. Damage to your small intestine may cause you to experience abdominal pain and diarrhea after eating lactose-containing dairy products, even though they don't contain gluten.
2. People with celiac disease who don't maintain a gluten-free diet have a greater risk of developing several forms of cancer, including intestinal lymphoma and small bowel cancer.
3. Malabsorption of calcium and vitamin D can contribute to reproductive issues like infertility and miscarriages.
4. Loss of calcium and bone density (osteomalacia or rickets)
5. The damage to your small intestine means it can't absorb enough nutrients.
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5 Quick Foods That Can Cause Hair Loss, Take Note Of Them

5 Quick Foods That Can Cause Hair Loss, Take Note Of Them

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Some foods are best to avoid or minimize if you’re trying to naturally re-grow your hair and reverse baldness. In some cases
certain food groups could be
triggering hair loss, and reducing the amount of them in your diet can have a significant impact on your hairline. In most cases, thanks to beauty of science, hair loss is a treatable condition and we’re continually learning ways to keep it at bay.

 When it comes to nutrition, moderation is the key and while there is no one food that can prevent hair loss, there are foods that you can avoid which would ordinarily rob the body of vital nutrients needed for healthy hair growth.

Foods That Can Cause Hair Loss

1. Carbonated drinks
Carbonated drinks are hugely acid forming. In fact they are the most acid forming food or beverage of them all. Not only this, but the sheer about of sugar in them causes blood sugar levels to spike and then crash. Dr Mercola has researched the link between excess blood sugar and male pattern baldness and has this to say about it.
“There is strong evidence that early male-pattern baldness could be a clinical marker of insulin resistance , a condition in which you lose your sensitivity to insulin, resulting in excess blood sugar.”
This provides us with another general rule that is: eat foods with low glycemic indices, so as not to spike blood sugar levels . Find out about the glycemic index of many foods and more about Dr. Mercolas research in our hair loss course.


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2. Fried Food
Consumption of high fat, fried foods and hydrogenated oils should be avoided at all costs. Studies have linked monounsaturated and saturated fat to increased testosterone levels which could potentially lead to elevated levels of DHT (a by-product that causes hair loss) while hydrogenated oils are thought to affect
hair growth by suppressing essential fatty acids needed for healthy hair. Not just that, high-fat diets can lead to diabetes, coronary disease, and obesity.

3. Food Additives
The growing demand for natural and organic foods isn’t without good cause. Hair loss can be triggered by certain food additives such as caramel colour, which may be processed with caustic chemicals, sulphites or ammonia. Even natural additives have been associated with hair loss. Cochineal extract or carmine dye – a colour additive extracted from dried bugs and commonly used in fruit drinks, sweets, yoghurt and other foods is thought to cause hair loss along with a number of life-threatening allergic reactions.

4. High-mercury Fish
Dermatologists warn that diets with large amounts of certain kinds of fish may lead to hair loss. Eating fish that is high in mercury can raise mercury levels and cause hair to thin and fall out. Ahi and Bigeye tuna, king mackerel, tilefish, swordfish, marlin and shark are all high in mercury and should be avoided.

5. Alcohol
The specific link between excess alcohol and hair loss is still unknown, studies point to heavy drinking as a possible factor in hair loss. The University of Maryland Medical Center suggests that avoiding stimulants, including alcohol and tobacco may help reduce symptoms of hair loss. Some specialists suggest that excess alcohol can inhibit hair’s ability to absorb zinc and other minerals essential for healthy hair and can cause hair loss. Others believe that heavy drinking promotes dehydration , which in turn contributes hair.



Sure Treatments Methods And Diagnosis For Sarcoidosis

Sure Treatments Methods And Diagnosis For Sarcoidosis



Sarcoidosis is an inflammatory disease in which granulomas, or clumps of inflammatory cells, form in various organs. This causes organ inflammation. Sarcoidosis may be triggered by your body’s immune system responding to foreign substances, such as viruses, bacteria, or chemicals. Sarcoidosis was once considered a rare disease. We now know that it is a common chronic illness that appears all over the world. Indeed, it is the most common of the scarring lung disorders and occurs often enough in the United States for Congress to have declared a national Sarcoidosis Awareness Day in 1990. Anyone can get sarcoidosis. It occurs in all races and in both sexes. Nevertheless, the risk is greater if you are a young black adult, especially a black woman, or of Scandinavian, German, Irish, or Puerto Rican origin. No one knows why.
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Because sarcoidosis can escape diagnosis or be mistaken for several other diseases, we can only guess at how many people are affected. The best estimate today is that about five in 100,000 white people in the United States have sarcoidosis. Among black people, it occurs more frequently, in probably 40 out of 100,000 people. Overall, there appear to be 20 cases per 100,000 in cities on the East Coast and somewhat fewer in rural locations. Some scientists, however, believe that these figures greatly underestimate the percentage of the U.S. population with sarcoidosis.


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Sarcoidosis mainly affects people between 20-40 years of age. White women are just as likely as white men to get sarcoidosis, but the black female gets sarcoidosis two times as often as the black male. No one knows what causes sarcoidosis.

Diagnosis For Sarcoidosis
Sarcoidosis can be difficult to diagnose because the disease produces few signs and symptoms in its early stages. When symptoms do occur, they may mimic those of other disorders. Your doctor may ask you detailed questions about your medical history, the methods of diagnosis includes :

Physical Exam
Your doctor will check you for signs and symptoms of sarcoidosis. Signs and symptoms may include red bumps on your skin; swollen lymph nodes; an enlarged liver, spleen, or salivary glands; or redness in your eyes. Your doctor also will check for other causes of your symptoms.
Your doctor may listen to your lungs and heart. Abnormal breathing or heartbeat sounds could be a sign that sarcoidosis is affecting your lungs or heart.

Diagnostic Tests
You may have tests to confirm a diagnosis and to find out how sarcoidosis is affecting you. Tests include a chest x ray , lung function tests , biopsy, and other tests to assess organ damage.

Chest X Ray
A chest x ray is a painless test that creates pictures of the structures inside your chest, such as your heart and lungs. The test may show granulomas or enlarged lymph nodes in your chest. About 95 percent of people who have sarcoidosis have abnormal chest x rays.

Lung Function Tests
Lung function tests measure how much air you can breathe in and out, how fast you can breathe air out, and how well your lungs deliver oxygen to your blood. These tests can show whether sarcoidosis is affecting your lungs.

Biopsy
Your doctor may do a biopsy to confirm a diagnosis or rule out other causes of your symptoms. A biopsy involves taking a small sample of tissue from one of your affected organs. Usually, doctors try to biopsy the organs that are easiest to access. Examples include the skin, tear glands, or the lymph nodes that are just under the skin.
If this isn't possible, your doctor may use a positron emission tomography (PET) scan to pinpoint areas for biopsy. For this test, a small amount of radioactive substance is injected into a vein, usually in your arm.
The substance, which releases energy, travels through the blood and collects in organs or tissues. Special cameras detect the energy and convert it into three-dimensional (3D) pictures.
If lung function tests or a chest x ray shows signs of sarcoidosis in your lungs, your doctor may do a bronchoscopy (bron-KOS-ko-pee) to get a small sample of lung tissue.


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Kveim test
This test involves injecting a standardized preparation of sarcoid tissue material into the skin. On the one hand, a unique lump formed at the point of injection is considered positive for sarcoidosis. On the other hand, the test result is not always positive even if the patient has sarcoidosis.
The Kveim test is not used often in the United States because no test material has been approved for sale by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. However, a few hospitals and clinics may have some standardized test preparation prepared privately for their own use.

Gallium scanning
In this procedure, the doctor injects the radioactive chemical element gallium-67 into the patient's vein. The gallium collects at places in the body affected by sarcoidosis and other inflammatory conditions. Two days after the injection, the body is scanned for radioactivity. Increases in gallium uptake at any site in the body indicate that inflammatory activity has developed at the site and give an idea of which tissue, and how much tissue, has been affected. However, since any type of inflammation causes gallium uptake, a positive gallium scan does not necessarily mean that the patient has sarcoidosis.

Blood test
Blood analyses can evaluate the number and types of blood cells in the body and how well the cells are functioning. They can also measure the levels of various blood proteins known to be involved in immunological activities, and they can show increases in serum calcium levels and abnormal liver function that often accompany sarcoidosis.
Blood tests can measure a blood substance called angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE). Because the cells that make up granulomas secrete large amounts of ACE, the enzyme levels are often high in patients with sarcoidosis. ACE levels, however, are not always high in sarcoidosis patients, and increased ACE levels can also occur in other illnesses.

Treatments For Sarcoidosis
There's no cure for sarcoidosis, but in half of cases it goes away on its own. You may not even need treatment if you don't have significant signs and symptoms of the condition, but you should be monitored with regular chest X-rays and exams of the eyes, skin and any other organ involved.
Treatments generally fall into two categories -- maintenance of good health practices and drug treatment. Good health practices include:

  • Getting regular check-ups with your health care provider
  • Eating a well- balanced diet with a variety of fresh fruits and vegetables
  • Drinking enough fluids every day
  • Getting six to eight hours of sleep each night
  • Exercising regularly and managing your weight
  • Quitting smoking

Drug treatments are used to relieve symptoms and reduce the inflammation of the affected tissues. The oral corticosteroid prednisone is the most commonly used treatment. Fatigue and persistent cough are usually improved with steroid treatment. If steroids are prescribed, you should see your doctor at regular intervals so that he or she can monitor the disease and the side effects of treatment. Other treatment options include methotrexate( Otrexup,
Rheumatrex), hydroxychloroquine ( Plaquenil ), and other drugs.




Alarming Things That Causes Of Sarcoidosis, Note This!

Alarming Things That Causes Of Sarcoidosis, Note This!



Sarcoidosis is a disease that results from a specific type of inflammation of tissues of the body. It can appear in almost any body organ, but it starts most often in the lungs or lymph nodes. Lofgren's syndrome, a type of sarcoidosis, is more common in people of European descent. Lofgren's syndrome may involve fever, enlarged lymph nodes, arthritis (usually in the ankles), and/or erythema nodosum. Erythema nodosum is a rash of red or reddish-purple bumps on your ankles and shins. The rash may be warm and tender to the touch.


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Sarcoidosis is somewhat more common in women than in men. The disease usually develops between the ages of 20 and 50. People who have a family history of sarcoidosis also are at higher risk for the disease. Researchers have looked for a link between sarcoidosis and exposure to workplace and environmental factors. However, no clear link has been found. Sarcoidosis can affect any organ in your body. However, it's more likely to affect some organs than others. The disease usually starts in the lungs, skin, and/or lymph nodes (especially the lymph nodes in your chest). Also, the disease often affects the eyes and liver. Although less common, sarcoidosis can affect the heart and brain, leading to serious complications.
If many granulomas form in an organ, they can affect how the organ works. This can cause signs and symptoms. Signs and symptoms vary depending on which organs are affected. Many people who have sarcoidosis have no signs or symptoms or mild ones.

Risk factors
While anyone can develop sarcoidosis, factors that may increase your risk include:

  • Age and sex : Sarcoidosis often occurs between the ages of 20 and 40. Women are slightly more likely to develop the disease. 
  • Race : African-Americans have a higher incidence of sarcoidosis than do white . 
  • Americans : Also, sarcoidosis may be more severe and may be more likely to recur and cause lung problems in African-Americans. 
  • Family history : If someone in your family has had sarcoidosis, you're more likely to develop the disease.


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Complications  
For most people, sarcoidosis resolves on its own with no lasting consequences. But sometimes it causes long-term problems.
  • Lungs : Untreated pulmonary sarcoidosis can lead to permanent scarring in your lungs, making it difficult to breathe.
  • Eyes : Inflammation can affect almost any part of your eye and can eventually cause blindness. Rarely, sarcoidosis also can cause cataracts and glaucoma.
  • Kidneys : Sarcoidosis can affect how your body handles calcium, which can lead to kidney failure. 
  • Heart : Granulomas in your heart can cause abnormal heart rhythms and other heart problems. In rare instances, this may lead to death. 
  • Nervous system : A small number of people with sarcoidosis develop problems related to the central nervous system when granulomas form in the brain and spinal cord. Inflammation in the facial nerves, for example, can cause facial paralysis.

Causes Of Sarcoidosis
The cause of sarcoidosis isn't known. More than one factor may play a role in causing the disease. Some researchers think that sarcoidosis develops if your immune system responds to a trigger, such as bacteria, viruses, dust, or chemicals. Normally, your immune system defends your body against foreign or harmful substances. For example, it sends special cells to protect organs that are in danger.
These cells release chemicals that recruit other cells to isolate and destroy the harmful substance. Inflammation occurs during this process. Once the harmful substance is gone, the cells and the inflammation go away.
In people who have sarcoidosis, the inflammation doesn't go away. Instead, some of the immune system cells cluster to form lumps called granulomas in various organs in your body.






Understanding Sarcoidosis : It's Symptoms, Warnings And Risks

Understanding Sarcoidosis : It's Symptoms, Warnings And Risks


Sarcoidosis is a disease of unknown cause that leads to inflammation. This disease affects your body’s organs.
Normally, your immune system defends your body against foreign or harmful substances. For example, it sends special cells to protect organs that are in danger. These cells release chemicals that recruit other cells to isolate and destroy the harmful substance. Inflammation occurs during this process. Once the harmful substance is gone, the cells and the inflammation go away. In people who have sarcoidosis, the inflammation doesn't go away. Instead, some of the immune system cells cluster to form lumps called granulomas in various organs in your body.


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The cause of sarcoidosis is unknown. The disease can appear suddenly and disappear. Or it can develop gradually and go on to produce symptoms that come and go, sometimes for a lifetime.
As sarcoidosis progresses, microscopic lumps of a specific form of inflammation, called granulomas, appear in the affected tissues. In the majority of cases, these granulomas clear up, either with or without treatment. In the few cases where the granulomas do not heal and disappear, the tissues tend to remain inflamed and become scarred (fibrotic). Sarcoidosis was first identified over 100 years ago by two dermatologists working independently, Dr. Jonathan Hutchinson in England and Dr. Caesar Boeck in Norway. Sarcoidosis was originally called Hutchinson's disease or Boeck's disease. Dr. Boeck went on to fashion today's name for the disease from the Greek words "sark" and "oid," meaning flesh-like. The term describes the skin eruptions that are frequently caused by the illness.

Symptoms Of Sarcoidosis

Symptoms vary depending on the part of your body that’s affected by the disease. Sarcoidosis can occur in any organ. Some people with sarcoidosis don’t have any symptoms. However, general symptoms may include:
◾Fatigue
◾fever
◾weight loss
◾joint pain
◾dry mouth
◾nosebleeds
◾abdominal swelling

Heart symptoms
Signs and symptoms related to cardiac sarcoidosis may include:
◾Chest pain
◾Shortness of breath (dyspnea)
◾Fainting (syncope)
◾Fatigue
◾Irregular heartbeats (arrhythmias)
◾Rapid or fluttering heart beat (palpitations)
◾Swelling caused by excess fluid (edema)

Skin symptoms can include:
◾skin rashes
◾skin sores
◾hair loss
◾raised scars

Nervous system symptoms can include:
◾seizures
◾hearing loss
◾headaches


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Eye symptoms can include:
◾dry eyes
◾itchy eyes
◾eye pain
◾vision loss
◾a burning sensation in your eyes
◾a discharge from your eyes

Shortness of breath has many causes affecting either the breathing passages and lungs or the heart or blood vessels. An average 150-pound (70 kilogram) adult will breathe at an average rate of 14 breaths per minute at rest. Excessively rapid breathing is referred to as hyperventilation. Shortness of breath is also referred to as dyspnea.
Doctors will further classify dyspnea as either occurring at rest or being associated with activity or exercise. They will also want to know if the dyspnea occurs gradually or all of a sudden. Each of these symptoms help to detect the precise cause of the shortness of breath. In both adults and children, sarcoidosis most often affects the lungs. If granulomas (inflamed lumps) form in your lungs, you may wheeze, cough, feel short of breath, or have chest pain. Or, you may have no symptoms at all. Some people who have sarcoidosis feel very tired, uneasy, or depressed. Night sweats and weight loss are common symptoms of the disease.
Common signs and symptoms in children are fatigue (tiredness), loss of appetite, weight loss, bone and joint pain, and anemia .
Children who are younger than 4 years old may have a distinct form of sarcoidosis. It may cause enlarged lymph nodes in the chest (which can be seen on chest x-ray pictures), skin lesions, and eye swelling or redness.





Tuesday, 16 January 2018

7 Steps To Stop Overeating Immediately, Try This Steps

7 Steps To Stop Overeating Immediately, Try This Steps


Sometimes it’s painfully obvious that we’re overeating, but other times you might not even realize it’s happening. We all know overweight people who say, “I don’t really eat that much, and I still can’t lose weight.” Their diet usually fails, and they usually regain weight. If they constantly diet, their bodies have been through this process many times.I often hear that the obesity epidemic is a matter of personal responsibility.

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They should avoid overeating and reduce their intake of sugar-sweetened drinks and processed food. Science suggests otherwise: Processed, sugar-, fat-, and salt-laden foods — foods created in a plant rather than grown on a plant are biologically addictive . More than one-third of American adults are obese . Obesity-related health conditions, like type 2 diabetes, heart disease, stroke and some cancers, make up some of the leading causes of preventable death in the country.

Ways To Stop Overeating

1. Refuel every 4 hours
Still can't tell what true hunger feels like? Set your watch. Moderate to full-fledged hunger (our ideal window for eating) is most likely to hit 4 to 5 hours after a balanced meal. Waiting too long to eat can send you on an emergency hunt for energy—and the willpower to make healthful choices plummets. "Regular eating keeps blood sugar and energy stable, which prevents you from feeling an extreme need for fuel," says Kate Geagan.
If you're feeling hungry between meals, a 150-calorie snack should help hold you over. Here are a few ideas: Munch on whole foods such as fruit and unsalted nuts—they tend to contain more fiber and water, so you fill up on fewer calories.
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2. Eat nutrient-dense foods
Processed foods, refined carbohydrates, sugary drinks, artificial sweeteners these are all food-like substances that add very little nutritional value. Eat them and you’ll find yourself hungry soon after.


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Instead, reach for rich, nutrient-dense foods, like kale, berries, wild salmon, grass-fed beef, tomatoes, mushrooms, sweet potatoes and black beans. These foods are packed with vitamins, minerals and antioxidants, which not only will leave your body feeling good after eating, but they’re also filling. Choosing whole foods can also help you form a healthier relationship with food, where you’re less worried about overeating Cheetos and more in tune with your body’s nutritional needs.

3. Eat breakfast without fail
A study published in the British Journal of Nutrition tracked the diets of nearly 900 adults and found that when people ate more fat, protein, and carbohydrates in the morning, they stayed satisfied and ate less over the course of the day than those who ate their bigger meals later on. Unfortunately, many people start off on an empty stomach.

4. Reduce stress levels
It’s easier said than done, but chronic stress affects your health in so many ways, and overeating is one of them. Activities like meditation, yoga, journaling and exercise are all proven ways to help manage stress, and won’t result in excess pounds the weight stress eating does. In fact, reducing stress levels is one of the best ways to lower cortisol , a hormone that, when we have too much of it, can lead to
belly fat .

5. Munch fiber all day long
Fiber can help you feel full faster and for longer. Because the body processes a fiber-rich meal more slowly, it may help you stay satisfied long after eating. Fiber-packed foods are also higher in volume, which means they can fill you up so you eat fewer calories. One review published in the Journal of the American Dietetic Association li nked a high intake of cereal fiber with lower body mass index and reduced risk of type 2 diabetes and heart disease.

6. Incorporate natural appetite suppressants
If you’re wondering how to stop overeating, suppressants can help. Now, I’m not talking about the shady diet pills you find at the drugstore. Instead, natural appetite suppressants include high-fiber foods like chia seeds and legumes, hot spices like cayenne and turmeric and grapefruit essential oil, which helps curb cravings. These all-natural, fat-burning foods will help keep you from overeating without the health risks that come with traditional suppressants.

7. Keep track of what you’re eating
If you think you might overeat at times but aren’t too sure when or how much, keeping a food journal is a good way of identifying problem spots. Journals can be really handy in helping you uncover not just how much you’re eating daily when you actually tally up all your meals and snacks, but whether certain things trigger overeating.
Jot down everything you eat and how much (be honest!) shortly after you have it so that you don’t forget. But also take note of how you’re feeling before and after. Are you tired and reaching for an afternoon muffin? Do you find that when you go to a certain lunch spot, you tend to make healthier decisions? Look for patterns that can help identify where your overeating blind spots are.



8 Proven Health Benefits Of Low Carb Diets, Effects On Weight loss

8 Proven Health Benefits Of Low Carb Diets, Effects On Weight loss



Although the word "low-carb diet" implies one diet, it describes a type of diets that limit carbohydrate intake.
In a typical low-carb diet, you most likely eat anywhere from 20 to 150 grams of carbs a day, which is equivalent to an apple to 3 cups of rice. What types of carbohydrates and exactly how much you eat depends on which low-carb diet you decide to follow.


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This is because there are many types of low-carb diets with each having its own restrictions on the types and amounts of carbohydrates you can eat.
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While it’s true that we need carbs in our diet to provide us with energy and keep our bodies working properly, we don’t need to chow down too many carbs, especially the wrong kind. A diet that consumes too much of the wrong carbs can negatively impact our health. Especially those with high glycemic load are known to increase the risk for type 2 diabetes. Low-carb diets have been around for decades and proven effective for weight loss and fat loss—but that’s not all.
There is scientific evidence that low-carb diet followers see improvements in health and lower risks of chronic diseases such as diabetes, high blood pressure, and other metabolic syndromes.

Health Benefits Of Low Carb Diets

1. It May Lower The Risk Of Cognitive Impairment In Elderly People: Of the many dangers of a high-carbohydrate diet, increased dementia risk amongst the elderly is the most common. A Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease study reported that a dietary pattern in which carbs are the major source of calories – while proteins and fats are a secondary source of calories –increases the risk of cognitive impairment.
Everyone can benefit from the goodness that a high-protein and low-carb diet has to offer. It is, however, important that you keep your doctor in the loop about your dietary choices so as to prevent adverse consequences (such as increased HDL levels).

2. Weight Loss
Cutting carbs is one of the simplest and most effective ways to lose weight.
Studies show that people on low-carb diets lose more weight, faster, than people on low-fat diets... even when the low-fat dieters are actively restricting calories.
One of the reasons for this is that low-carb diets tend to get rid of excess water from the body. Because they lower insulin levels, the kidneys start shedding excess sodium, leading to rapid weight loss in the first week or two. In studies comparing low-carb and low-fat diets, the low-carbers sometimes lose 2-3 times as much weight, without being hungry. Low-carb diets appear to be particularly effective for up to 6 months, but after that the weight starts creeping back up because people give up on the diet and start eating the same old stuff.

3. It Reduces Your Appetite and Suppresses Hunger : Hunger is probably one of the worst side effect when it comes to dieting. In fact hunger might the #1 reason why many dieters quit after feeling so miserable and are not able to eat the foods they love.
One of the best things about being on a low-carb diet is that it leads to an automatic reduction in appetite. According to an article published in American Family Physician , people have less food cravings and appetite when they are on a low-carb diet. Another study published in the Obesity had a similar finding—participants following a low carbohydrate, high protein and fat diet had significantly less food cravings and preferences for carbs than those on a low calorie and low fat diet plan.
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4. Helps In The Management Of Diabetes
Another health benefit of a high-protein and low-carb diet is that it helps manage type-2 diabetes. A study published in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition suggests that a diet rich in protein and low in carbs improves the glycemic control in type-2 diabetes patients and helps them lose weight.


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5. Targets And Fights Belly Fat
Having too much of unwanted body fat is dangerous in general, but having belly fat is more alarming than fat in other problem areas such as thighs and arms.
The bottom layer of belly fat called visceral fat is in fact the most dangerous body fat in your body, linking to everything from heart disease to type 2 diabetes .
Needless to say, burning the visceral fat in your belly is highly recommended by doctors and deemed necessary to reduce your risk of diseases and health complications such as cardiovascular disease, hypertension and certain cancers.

6. It Fights Cancer
The number of cancer cases worldwide are on the rise owing to our poor dietary and lifestyle habits. A Cancer Research study reported that a diet low in carbohydrates and high in protein not only assists in weight loss but also restricts cancer initiation and growth.

7. Triglycerides Tend To Go Way Down
Triglycerides are fat molecules, it is well known that fasting triglycerides, how much we have of them in the blood after an overnight fast, are a strong heart disease risk factor. Perhaps counter intuitively, the main driver of elevated triglycerides is carbohydrate consumption, especially the simple sugar fructose. When people cut carbs, they tend to have a very dramatic reduction in blood triglycerides. Compare this to low-fat diets, which can cause triglycerides to go up in many cases.

8. Treatment For High blood Pressure
Having high blood pressure (hypertension) can put you on a higher risk for many diseases including heart diseases, stroke, kidney failure and more. Because low-carb diets are proven effective in lowering blood pressure , it can successful reduce your risk level and improve your overall health. According to a Duke University Medical Center study done by William S. Yancy, Jr., MD, a low carbohydrate, ketogenic diet (LCKD) may be effective for improving glycemia and reducing medications in patient with type 2 diabetes.



10 Health Benefits Of Mushroom, Its Effects On Weight loss, Aging & Cholesterol

10 Health Benefits Of Mushroom, Its Effects On Weight loss, Aging & Cholesterol

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Mushrooms contain some of the most powerful natural medicines on the planet. About 100 species are being studied for their health-promoting benefits, and about a half dozen really stand out for their ability to deliver a tremendous boost to your immune system. Cultures around the world have eaten or used mushrooms medicinally for centuries, dating all the way back to ancient Egypt. Legend has it that pharaohs liked their earthy flavor so much, they declared the fungi royalty food and forbid commoners from touching them. Those greedy pharaohs kept the entire supply for themselves.

Mushrooms have the happy gift of making the foods around them taste better, while adding only very modest quantities of fat, calories or carbohydrates. Beyond that mushrooms are considered to have a number of health benefits, though the evidence for some claims is stronger than for others.

HEALTH BENEFITS OF MUSHROOM

1. Good Source Of Dietery Fiber
Mushrooms are a good source of both insoluble chitin and soluble beta glucans, each a form of fiber which has a role to play in human health. Insoluble fiber is crucial to proper digestion, while soluble fiber can slow the rise in your body's blood sugars after a meal and can also help moderate your blood pressure and cholesterol. A 2014 study published in the Czech Journal of Food Science evaluated white button mushrooms -- Agaricus bisporus -- and 19 others for their fiber content, and their ratio of insoluble to soluble fiber. The study concluded that all of the mushrooms it reviewed were good sources of dietary fiber, and that many prized wild mushrooms, such as porcini, were especially high in soluble fiber.

2. Cancer-fighting properties
A 2010 study published in the journal Experimental Biology and Medicine tested five types of mushrooms (maitake, crimini, portabella, oyster and white button) and found that they "significantly suppressed" breast cancer cell growth and reproduction, suggesting "both common and specialty mushrooms may be chemoprotective against breast cancer."
Also, shiitake mushrooms contain lentinan, a type of sugar molecule that comes from the shiitake mushroom, according to the Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center , which adds that lentinan may help extend the survival of patients with some cancers when used with chemotherapy.


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3. Vitamin D
 Consuming dried white button mushroom extract was found to be as effective as taking supplemental vitamin D2 or D3 for increasing vitamin D levels (25-hydroxyvitamin D).

4. Treat Anemia
Anemic patients are characterized by having low levels of iron in their blood, resulting in fatigue, headaches , reduced neural function, and digestive issues. Mushrooms are a good source of iron, and over 90% of the nutritive iron value can be absorbed by the body, which promotes the formation of red blood cells and keeps people healthy and functioning at their full potential.

5. Mushrooms Are Immunity boosters
We now know that lentinan can boost your immune system, but it has a helper, too. Beta-glucan is a sugar found in the cells walls of fungi (among other plants) that also helps boost your immune system. Lentinan comes from shiitake mushrooms, but beta-glucan is found in many varieties, namely the common button mushrooms.
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6. Mushrooms have anti-inflammatory powers. Axe says mushrooms contain a powerful antioxidant called ergothioneine, which helps lower inflammation throughout the body. Weil adds that reishi mushrooms in particular, which have been used medicinally in Asia for thousands of years, also have significant anti-inflammatory effects. Multiple studies have shown that reishi mushrooms have multiple health benefits: They fight disease, lower inflammation, suppress allergic responses, reduce tumor growth and more.

7. Weight management
One study found that substituting red meat with white button mushrooms can help enhance weight loss. Obese participants with a mean age of just over 48 years ate approximately one cup of mushrooms per day in place of meat. The control group ate a standard diet without mushrooms. At the end of the 12-month trial, the intervention group had lost an average of 3.6 percent of their starting weight, or about seven pounds. They also showed improvements in body composition, such as reduced waist circumference, and ability to maintain their weight loss, compared to the control group.

8. Lower Cholesterol
Mushrooms provide you with lean proteins since they have no cholesterol or fat and have very low carbohydrates. The fiber and certain enzymes in them also help to lower cholesterol levels. Moreover, the high lean protein content found in them helps to burn cholesterol when they are digested. Balancing levels of cholesterol between LDL cholesterol (“bad” cholesterol) and HDL (“good” cholesterol) is essential in the prevention of various cardiovascular diseases like atherosclerosis , heart attack, and stroke.

9. They could help fight aging
In a 2017 study, a team of Penn State researchers found that mushrooms have high amounts of two antioxidants, ergothioneine and glutathione, which are both associated with anti-aging properties. "What we found is that, without a doubt, mushrooms are highest dietary source of these two antioxidants taken together, and that some types are really packed with both of them," said Robert Beelman, professor emeritus of food science and director of the Penn State Center for Plant and Mushroom Products for Health, in a statement . The amounts of the antioxidants vary by species; the winner "by far" was the wild porcini mushroom, researchers said.

10. Help in Nutrient Absorption
Vitamin D is a relatively rare vitamin to find in vegetables , and in fact, edible forms, in general, are not particularly common. However, mushrooms have it, and this essential vitamin can facilitate the absorption and metabolism of calcium and phosphorous. Calcium and
phosphorus are also present in good amounts in mushroom, so the combined effects of having all of these nutrients make them a good idea to eat whenever possible.
* 10 Health Benefits Of Pomegranate, Its Effects On Arthritis & Heart>>




Sunday, 14 January 2018

Main Causes Of  Morgellons Disease And Their Treatments

Main Causes Of Morgellons Disease And Their Treatments

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Morgellons is a controversial and poorly understood condition in which unusual thread-like fibers appear under the skin. The patient may feel like something is crawling, biting, or stinging all over. Some medical experts say Morgellons is a physical illness. Others suggest it is a type of
psychosis called "delusional parasitosis," in which a person thinks parasites have infected their skin. Morgellons has drawn increasing attention since 2002, when a Pittsburgh woman named Mary Leitao launched a Web site describing skin sores and filamentlike structures emerging from her two-year-old son's s skin. After being inundated with e-mails from people complaining of similar symptoms, Leitao founded the
Morgellons Research Foundation (MRF) to raise awareness and secure research funding for the bizarre condition. Since then, nearly 14,000 families have reported Morgellons cases to MRF, although the actual number may be higher, the organization says .

To learn more about Morgellons, which many patients believe is caused by
parasites, we consulted Michael Cappello, a pediatrics professor and infectious disease specialist at Yale University School of Medicine in New Haven, Conn.
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Causes Of Morgellons Disease
There are reports of Morgellons disease in patients with Lyme disease . Many health care professionals believe that Morgellons disease is a form of psychosis that causes the person to imagine that they are infested by parasites (delusional parasitosis) rather than a diagnosis based upon physical signs. Research on this syndrome has so far not found it to be caused by an infection. It is therefore not contagious. This condition has not been found to be the result of an environmental toxins.
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Treatments For Morgellons Disease
Since a clinical classification of Morgellons Disease has not been universally accepted, optimal treatment for the disease remains unsettled. Nevertheless, several therapeutic principles have emerged, the earlier the treatment is initiated in the course of Morgellons Disease, the better the outcome appears to be; treatment should be aimed at the underlying tickborne disease prolonged combination antibiotic therapy may be necessary to eradicate dermopathy and antiparasitic therapy may be useful in some patients with MD. At this point, the most logical treatment is supported by the guidelines of the International Lyme and Associated Diseases Society. Although treatment with antipsychotic agents has been proposed for patients with neuropsychiatric symptoms of Morgellons Disease , this treatment generally fails without concomitant therapy of the underlying tickborne disease. Individuals who suffer from this condition have been found to benefit from medications that treat psychosis or tics, like olanzapine ( Zyprexa , Zydis, Relprevv) or pimozide ( Orap ), respectively.



Know What Morgellons Disease Is, Its Symptoms And Warnings

Know What Morgellons Disease Is, Its Symptoms And Warnings

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Morgellons disease is a rare disease with unknown etiology. Herein, we report the first case of Morgellons disease in Korea. A 30-year-old woman presented with a 2-month history of pruritic erythematous patches and erosions on the arms, hands, and chin. She insisted that she had fiber-like materials under her skin, which she had observed through a magnifying device. We performed skin biopsy, and observed a fiber extruding from the dermal side of the specimen. Histopathological examination showed only mild lymphocytic infiltration, and failed to reveal evidence of any microorganism. The polymerase chain reaction for Borrelia burgdorferi was negative in her serum.


The Morgellons Research Foundation (MRF) has received registrations from people reporting this condition from all fifty U.S. states. The MRF has also received registrations from people reporting this condition from 45 other countries, most notably Canada, Australia, England, South Africa and the Netherlands.
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The Morgellons Research Foundation (MRF) is a 501(c)3 non-profit organization established in 2002 in honor of a two-year-old child with an unknown illness, which his mother labeled “Morgellons disease”. The MRF is dedicated to raising awareness and research funding for this poorly understood illness, which can be disfiguring and disabling, and affects people of all age groups including an increasing number of children. Morgellons disease (MD) is an emerging dermopathy with worldwide distribution. The name “Morgellons” is derived from a disease recognized in the seventeenth century in French children by Sir Thomas Browne. These children were noted to have “coarse hairs” protruding from their backs.1 The distinguishing feature of MD is the appearance of skin lesions with filaments that lie under, are embedded in, or project from skin ( Figures 1 and 2 ). Filaments can be white, black, or brightly colored. 2 – 6 Fur thermore, MD patients exhibit a variety of manifestations that resemble symptoms of Lyme disease (LD), such as fatigue and joint pain.

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Symptoms Of Morgellons Disease
People who have Morgellons disease report the following signs and symptoms:
◾Skin rashes or sores that can cause intense itching
◾Crawling sensations on and under the skin, often compared to insects moving, stinging or biting
◾Fibers, threads or black stringy material in and on the skin
◾Severe fatigue
◾Short-term memory loss
◾Difficulty paying attention and concentrating
◾Hair loss
◾Joint and muscle pain
◾Nervous system problems
◾Tooth loss
◾Sleep problems

They also often report that they have what look like threads, hair, or fuzz coming out of lesions on their skin. Some practitioners have observed the fibers coming out of the skin of Morgellons disease sufferers, leaving what pictures indicate are disfiguring lesions behind. For these reasons, Morgellons disease is sometimes referred to as skin crawling disease. The individual with this problem may feel that they have skin mites, springtails (collembola), or scabies that cause the skin sensation.

In the past, few doctors had heard of Morgellons. But in response to scattered reports, the CDC worked together with several other health care agencies to investigate this condition. Most reports came from California, Texas, and Florida, although patients have been seen in all 50 states. The CDC study found that Morgellons is most likely to affect middle-aged white women.
Many of the patients in the CDC study showed signs of being obsessively concerned about health problems in general. This is called somatic concerns. About half of the people in the study had other health problems, including depression and drug abuse .




Saturday, 13 January 2018

Sure Treatments Methods / Diagnosis For Lupus Disease

Sure Treatments Methods / Diagnosis For Lupus Disease


Lupus is a systemic autoimmune disease that occurs when your body's immune system attacks your own tissues and organs. Inflammation caused by lupus can affect many different body systems  including your joints, skin, kidneys, blood cells, brain, heart and lungs. Lupus can be difficult to diagnose because its signs and symptoms often mimic those of other ailments. The most distinctive sign of lupus a facial rash that resembles the wings of a butterfly unfolding across both cheeks occurs in many but not all cases of lupus. Lupus can range from mild to life-threatening and should always be treated by a doctor. With good medical care, most people with lupus can lead a full life.

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With lupus, the immune system malfunctions and cannot distinguish between foreign invaders and healthy tissue . Antibodies are then produced against the body's healthy cells and tissues, causing inflammation, pain and damage in various parts of the body.
These antibodies, called autoantibodies, contribute to the inflammation of numerous parts of the body and can cause damage to organs and tissues. The most common type of autoantibody that develops in people with lupus is called an antinuclear antibody (ANA) because it reacts with parts of the cell's nucleus (command center).


The autoantibodies circulate in the blood, but some of the body's cells have walls permeable enough to let some autoantibodies through. These can then attack the DNA in the cell's nucleus. This is why some organs can be attacked during a flare-up while others are not.

Diagnosis

  • Echocardiogram : This test uses sound waves to produce real-time images of your beating heart. It can check for problems with your valves and other portions of your heart.
  • Complete blood count : This test measures the number of red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets as well as the amount of hemoglobin, a protein in red blood cells. Results may indicate you have anemia, which commonly occurs in lupus. A low white blood cell or platelet count may occur in lupus as well.
  • Erythrocyte sedimentation rate : This blood test determines the rate at which red blood cells settle to the bottom of a tube in an hour. A faster than normal rate may indicate a systemic disease, such as lupus. The sedimentation rate isn't specific for any one disease. It may be elevated if you have lupus, an infection, another inflammatory condition or cancer
  •  Kidney and liver assessment : Blood tests can assess how well your kidneys and liver are functioning. Lupus can affect these organs.
  •  Urinalysis : An examination of a sample of your urine may show an increased protein level or red blood cells in the urine, which may occur if lupus has affected your kidneys.
  • Antinuclear antibody (ANA) test : A positive test for the presence of these antibodies  produced by your immune system  indicates a stimulated immune system. While most people with lupus have a positive ANA test, most people with a positive ANA do not have lupus. If you test positive for ANA, your doctor may advise more-specific antibody testing.

Treatments For Lupus Disease 
There is at present no cure for lupus but careful monitoring of the disease and a treatment programme with medication adjusted as appropriate enables the condition to be controlled, most patients being able to live a normal life span. Doctors will usually only keep the patient on high impact medication for as short a period as possible. Prescription medications and methods often used to manage lupus include:

  1. Immunosuppressants : Drugs that suppress the immune system may be helpful in serious cases of lupus. Examples include azathioprine (Imuran, Azasan), mycophenolate mofetil (CellCept) and methotrexate (Trexall). Potential side effects may include an increased risk of infection, liver damage, decreased fertility and an increased risk of cancer.
  2. Anti-rheumatic drug: A medication first used for malaria, hydroxychloroquine (Plaquenil®) is used to treat rheumatoid arthritis, some lupus symptoms, childhood arthritis and other autoimmune diseases.
  3. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) : Over-the-counter NSAIDs, such as naproxen sodium (Aleve) and ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, others), may be used to treat pain, swelling and fever associated with lupus. Stronger NSAIDs are available by prescription. Side effects of NSAIDs include stomach bleeding, kidney problems and an increased risk of heart problems.
  4. Blood pressure medications and anticoagulants: These are used to treat problems with blood clotting and blood pressure changes. Side effects can be life-threatening and include increased bleeding, low blood pressure, weakness and heart problems.
  5. Steroids: These can include prednisone and hydrocortisone , which are used to lower swelling, pain, skin rashes and inflammation. They can cause many different side effects, including weight gain, a puffy face, hormonal changes, acne, higher risk for bone loss, and mood changes, such as irritability, agitation, excitability, insomnia or depression.
  6.  Synthetic hormones and birth control pills : Sometimes used to regulate hormones and combat side effects of other medications, these can increase risk for endometriosis, blood-clotting problems, weight gain and more.
  7.  Corticosteroids : Prednisone and other types of corticosteroids can counter the inflammation of lupus. High doses of steroids such as methylprednisolone (A-Methapred, Medrol) are often used to control serious disease that involves the kidneys and brain. Side effects include weight gain, easy bruising, thinning bones (osteoporosis), high blood pressure, diabetes and increased risk of infection. The risk of side effects increases with higher doses and longer term therapy.
  8.  Antimalarial drugs : Medications commonly used to treat malaria, such as hydroxychloroquine (Plaquenil), affect the immune system and can help decrease the risk of lupus flares. Side effects can include stomach upset and, very rarely, damage to the retina of the eye. Regular eye exams are recommended when taking these medications.

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Foods That Can Worsen Lupus Disease 
Some foods that can contribute to lupus and make autoimmune disease symptoms worse include:

  • Gluten: Gluten is a type of protein found in wheat, barley, rye and most flour-containing products. Gluten intolerance is common because it’s difficult for many people to digest properly. This can increase leaky gut syndrome, inflammation or trigger a lupus flare-up.
  • Trans fat and sometimes saturated fats: These fats are found in fast food, many fried foods and packaged/processed foods , and can lead to inflammation and heart problems. Some people with lupus have a hard time metabolizing saturated fats and should limit cheese, red meat, creamy foods and packaged foods.
  • Added sugar: Too much sugar can overstimulate the immune system and increase pain.
  • High-sodium foods : Because lupus can damage the kidneys in fact, lupus nephritis is a type of kidney disease caused by systemic lupus erythematosus — it’s best to try to keep sodium and salt levels low to prevent fluid retention, worsened swelling and electrolyte imbalances.
  • Alcohol and too much caffeine : These can increase anxiety, worsen inflammation, damage the liver, increase pain, and cause dehydration and sleep-related problems.
  • Certain legumes: Alfalfa seeds and sprouts, green beans, peanuts, soybeans, and snow peas contain a substance that has been shown to trigger lupus flare-ups in some patients (although not all). Negative reactions in certain patients are believed to be caused by the amino acid L-canavanine.

Various medications have helped improve the prognosis in lupus. These include a variety of improved blood pressure tablets and diuretics, anticoagulants (aspirin or warfarin) in those patients with a clotting tendency, anti-epileptic and anti-depressive medication. Skin creams include corticosteroids and newer, vastly improved sun-protection creams. There are now, in addition to standard calcium and vitamin D preparations, modern effective drugs for the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis. Cutaneous lupus erythematosus is the type of lupus that encompasses a wide range of dermatologic symptoms. Studies show that up to 90 percent of people with lupus develop skin rashes and legions, including a “butter-fly shaped” rash that covers the cheeks and nose. It’s possible to develop coin-sized skin lesions, red skin, itchiness, peeling and a very high level of sensitivity to sunlight ( photosensitivity).

In the case of skin lesions, patients might find that as one lesion/patch goes away another one starts to appear and form a scale, usually at the same time that symptoms like fatigue and joint pain increase. Skin rashes associated with lupus are caused by an underlying inflammatory response. It’s important to protect sensitive skin from irritants and also the sun if skin starts to show signs of a rash, hives or redness. Certain chemicals in household or beauty products (like lotions, detergents, washes and makeup) can worsen skin inflammation and make dryness and itchiness worse.